Nestled in the foothills of the Himalayas, in the State of Uttarakhand, Corbett National Park is haven for wildlife lovers in India. The present area of the Reserve is 1318.54 sq. km. including 520 sq. km. of core area and 797.72 sq. km. of buffer area. The core area forms the Corbett National Park while the buffer contains reserve forests (496.54 sq.km.) as well as the Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary (301.18 sq.km.) Flat valleys are interspersed with hilly ridges and the Park's rolling grasslands provide an excellent view of its rich eco system.
one of India's most beautiful wildlife areas has a tiger population of around 160, which makes this park as the last and the most important bastion of this endangered species. The park's 1318.54 square kilometers of virgin forest and jungle are home to numerous other species of fauna. The rich biodiversity of the park is a perfect place for bird enthusiasts; the area is considered one of the best bird-watching areas in India, with some 600 species having been sighted in the park.
The different habitat types of Corbett i.e. mountains, Sal forests, chaurs (grasslands), khair-sissoo forests, and rivers have their distinct assemblage of plants. More than 600 species of trees, shrubs, herbs, bamboos, grasses, climbers and ferns have been identified in the Park. The most visible trees found in Corbett are Sal, Sissoo and Khair. Many other species that contribute to the diversity are found scattered throughout the park. Chir Pine is the only conifer of the Park and is found on ridge-tops. The upper reaches near Kanda ridge have Oak growing, which is essentially a Himalayan species. Other major tree species are Bel, Kusum, Mahua, Bakli.
Total Area of the Corbett National Park
1,288.32 sq. km
Corbett National Park : 520.82 sq. km
Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary 301.18 sq. km
Reserve Forest: 466.32 sq. km
Altitude: 400 mt. - 1200 mt.
Main flora in the Corbett National Park:
Sal, khair, ber, kuthber, bel, chbilla, dhak, semal, khingan, kharpat, rohini, bakli, pula, bamboo.
Mammals at Corbett National Park:
Tiger, leopard, elephant, spotted deer, sambar, nilgai, hog deer, barking deer, sloth bear, wild boar, ghural, langur and rhesus monkey.
Birds at Corbett National Park:
Peacock, pheasant, pigeon, owl, hornbill, barbet, lark, myna, magpie, minivet, patridge, thrush, tit, nuthatch, wagtail, sunbird, bunting, oriole, kingfisher, drongo, dove, woodpecker, duck, teal, eagle, stork, cormorant, falcon, bulbul, flycatcher, red start and gull.
Reptiles at Corbett National Park:
Indian marsh crocodile or mugger, gharial, king cobra, common krait, cobra, Russels viper, python and monitor lizard.
History of Corbett National Park
|Till 1820||Private property of local rulers.|
|1820||Ownership passed into British hands.|
|1820- 1850||Forests mercilessly felled for timber by British rulers.|
|1858||Plan drawn up for protecting the forests.|
|1879||Declared as reserved forests.|
|1884||Jim Corbett shoots his first leopard.|
|1900-1910||Jim Corbett leads shikar parties and kills two man-eaters.|
|1910||Jim Corbett gives up killing as mere sport and becomes the savior of the villagers, defending them from man-eaters.|
|1934||The Park is declared a National Park and Corbett helps define the boundaries.|
|1935-1936||It was set up as the first National Park under United Provinces National Parks Act. It was named the Hailey National Park, after Sir Malcolm Hailey, the Governor of United Provinces.|
|1954||With independence it was renamed as the Ramganga National Park.|
|1955||Jim Corbett died at Nyeri.|
|1957||The park is renamed in honour of his memory|
|1973||The Park becomes the first Tiger Reserve of India under Project Tiger.|
|1974||Inauguration of Tiger Project.|
|1986||Corbett National park celebrates its Golden Jubilee.|
|1996||Diamond Jubilee of its existence as Corbett national park.|
|1998||year of Project Tiger.|
|9 Nov. 2000||Became part of Uttarakhand and now Uttarakhand state.|
How to Reach Corbett National Park : Corbett National Park is situated on NH-121, and is well connected with all the major towns and cities across India, one can reach here by train, public transport buses run by Uttarakhand Transport Services or private cab..
What to wear at Corbett National Park: The weather in Corbett Park s extreme. Summer are hot and winters are cold here, Please carry appropriate clothing on your visit to Corbett National Park.
Weather at Corbett National Park: The weather is extreme in corbett Park. The Summer months are April-Mid July. Monsoon moths are Mid-July-late September, while winter months are October till late march
Jeep Safari in Corbett National Park : Guests can book Jeep safari in advance for Morning and full day, afternoon jeep safari permits will be issued directly to the guests.
Elephant Safari in Corbett National Park: The elephant are available for the guests coming to corbett park for the safaris. Guests can make advance booking from Corbett Wilds.
Fishing in Corbett National Park:
Corbett National Park has 02 rivers, where guests can go for angling ( catch-and-release). Permits can be obtained from director office, while staying at Corbett Wild.
Adventure Activities in Corbett National Park:
Guests can also try their hands on adventure activities, when they are in corbett. The all time available adventure activities are rock-climbing, rappelling, river-crossing and slithering.
Outdoor Corporate Camps in Corbett National Park:
We have an extremely exciting line-up of programs for corporate who believe in thinking and doing things ‘out- of- the-box.’ Our programs are customized to suit specific needs. Here, your conference room is the green earth. Your audiences, as you make your presentation, are a million stars. Here, amidst natural environs, professionals learn more about team dynamics, about winning amidst challenge, change and competition. They can also enhance their inherent leadership capabilities and most importantly, prepare to stride into the future, confidently, today.
Budget Hotels & Packages in Corbett National Park: Over the years the Corbett National Park has drawn tourists in large numbers from various parts of the world. Hotels in Corbett Park provide satisfactory dining facilities at dining halls built in primitive styles that serve Indian and Kumaoni cuisines. Barbecues are also arranged by the campfire by some Corbett Park Wild Hotels. Some of the Corbett Wild Hotels in Corbett Park, have Conference Halls. Recreation at the Corbett Hotels in Corbett Wild Park mainly consists of the safaris into the jungles, in jeep or on elephant. Apart from these, Corbett Wild Hotels in Corbett Park also provide a number of outdoor indoor games. All in all, the Corbett Wild Hotels in Corbett Park have all the elements that can make your trip a memorable. Corbett Hotels in Corbett ranges from high end luxury hotels to economy and budget hotels. Corbett Wild Park also has jungle lodges, camps and cottages that are ideal for a discerning traveler, who is looking for a change from concrete hotels.
Do's and Don'ts in the Corbett National Park :Walking or trekking inside the national park is strictly prohibited. Avoid perfumes and bright clothes, wear clothes of colour which merge with the natural surroundings. Carry a litter bag while entering the Tiger Reserve and bring back non-biodegradable litter. Do not make noises/talk loudly inside the forest. Do not smoke in the forest. Do not collect plants or pluck flowers. While taking photographs or shooting videos, do not disturb the wild animals. ( For eg. Use of flash guns) .Shouting, teasing or chasing animals or attempts to feed them are prohibited. Respect local traditions, customs and religions.
Project Tiger, India's ambitious conservation program to save the tiger and its habitat was launched from Corbett in 1973.